All ship characteristics are also similar between these variants. The Galeón Andalucía is a replica of a 16th-17th century galleon, the only one in the world that sails in present days. Add a ship between the brig and galleon designed for 3-4, make the galleon a 5-6 man ship. It took three years to research the main historical and maritime archives in Spain and compile all necessary information about galleons’ shapes, details and measures so that this replica could be built. His duties also included overseeing the re-provisioning and moving of the provisions around the ship as needed. More than 150 people, including officers, seamen, soldiers, traders, servants, families and passengers would fit in a 550 ton galleon similar to this one. Their disposition is most humble in the presence of a Spaniard, and they show him great respect; but they can teach many of the Spanish mariners who sail these seas.”, “The little I understand about them makes me think that these are people most suited for the sea; and if the ships are manned with crews one third Spaniards and the other two-thirds Indians, the best mariners of these islands can be obtained, and many of them can be employed in our warships. Those with family ties to a high-ranking officer or who were able to forge a friendship with a crew member had the best protection. Crew size depended on the size of the galleon. The Brigantine is a medium-sized Ship type in Sea of Thieves. He accomplished this with a whistle from the poop deck, while his assistant, the boatswain mate, directed the work at prow. The majority would have died from starvation, disease and scurvy. But in the majority of cases, he writes, “this charge was more or less honorific, and the onboard activity of the captain consisted in nothing more that directing the defense of the ship in case of enemy attack.” He says that the general of the fleet could honor a distinguished gentleman by naming him as captain. MGTR Personnel The pilot was responsible for the navigation of the ship, ensuring that the vessel safely reached its destination. Minnesota, Duluth, Tall Ships Festival 2016, El Galion, a Spanish Galleon Replica, sailing under Engine power. The Philippine Islands, 1493-1803; explorations by early navigators, descriptions of the islands and their peoples, their history and records of the Catholic missions, as related in contemporaneous books and manuscripts, showing the political, economic, commercial and religious conditions of those islands from their earliest relations with European nations to the beginning of the nineteenth century. Four masts hold 6 sails which measure almost 11,000 square feet. Most galleons have three masts, two square rigged with a lateen sail on the stern-most mast. It was important that the crew cleaned the ship thoroughly, including pumping the dirty water out of the bilges, on a daily basis. Inspectors, purveyors, accountants and treasurers – they guarded and administered the money. Sailors handled the helm (a difficult task before the wheel was invented). Therefore, most … Right behind is the Main mast, which reaches 120 ft. high and holds two sails. March – August. Moreover, there was a code by which each galleon could communicate to others a change of course, a maneuver or an incident.Every galleon kept sailing during night time and only crewmembers on watch would remain active. Mangilao: Micronesian Area Research Center, University of Guam, 1940. On the westward voyage, a Maestre de Plata or Master of the Silver was in sole custody of the chests of silver containing two or three million pesos destined for the shippers in Manila. The Egyptians, Cretans, and other ancient peoples used sail-equipped galleys for both war and commerce. The Brigantine is a two-masted ship with one main deck and one lower deck. He was responsible for not only obtaining the cargo, but the crew, ship’s equipment, arms and provisions. The crew of a Spanish galleon with thirty guns might number 180 men. The carpenter and caulker were responsible for the maintenance of the hull. It’s the deck where the captain and officers make calculations and command the ship. The carpenter, caulker and diver made up the repair team of the ship. It possesses three masts and is currently the largest ship in the game. Upon their return and the completion of their expedition they were unemployed. Vol 1-55. Spanish officials in Manila found it increasingly difficult to find men to crew their ships, especially for the long and arduous return voyage to Acapulco. I need to find out details about 16th century Spanish galleons, namely the length, width and beam of a 500 ton galleon. … The galleons that passed through the Marianas carried scores of crew members in addition to soldiers and colonial or mission helpers on their way to the Marianas and the Philippines. The name derived from “galley,” which had come to be synonymous with “war vessel” and whose characteristic beaked prow the new ship retained. Galley, large seagoing vessel propelled primarily by oars. Aside from officers, who did enjoy the privileges of cabin accommodation, the rest of the passengers had to look for any viable space on deck where they could keep their boxes or “ranchos” containing a few of their belongings and place their mats in order to sleep. 11, Issue 1. The boatswain was responsible for ensuring the cargo was stowed well and maintained throughout the voyage, maintaining all mechanisms of the ship and ordering repairs. They carried plenty of seamen, merchant traders and settlers, while their holds bore the fabulous loads resulting from American and Asian trade. These ships were the type of vessel used by the Spanish Crown for maritime expeditions during the 16th through the 18th centuries. Officially, they were to take orders from sailors and officers pertaining to the ship’s handling, but many times their superiors used them for personal services such as cooking, cleaning and grooming. The poop deck was raised high and a crew … The youngest of the crew were the pages or ship’s boys. When galleons left Spain, they carried products such as wheat, oil, wine, cloth, weapons, paper, china, glass, medicines, tools and other European stuff. POOP DECKThe poop deck was only intended for officers because it was the place from where they could overview all maneuvers. He needed to be able to predict a storm and have the theoretical knowledge to chart a course, and calculate his position using mathematical formulas and computations. : Indio Contributions to the Acapulco-Manila Galleon Trade.” Explorations: a graduate student journal of Southeast Asian studies. Storms, hurricanes, water leaks, diseases or pirate attacks would threaten crew’s lives constantly: “we are three or four inches close to death, which is the thickness of a vessel plank”.The feeling of danger was very present and death lurked everywhere; it was only the skills of officers and seamen what preserved them from sinking. A lateen sail on the size of up to four players, master. 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