We rather understand the psalms thus inscribed to refer to Christ, who is the end of the law, and the great Conqueror of death and hell; and to the New Testament. (a) Among those who were appointed to sing the psalms and to play on instruments, one was appointed chief to set the tune, and to begin: who had the charge because he was most excellent and he began this psalm on the instrument called Neginoth or in a tune so called. This psalm has a good deal in common with Proverbs 2:12-15, 20-22 and Jeremiah 17:5-13, both of which contrast the It is not to be imagined that he who has helped us in six troubles will leave us in the seventh. Have mercy = be gracious, or show favour to. O God of my righteousness; either the witness and defender of my righteous cause; or from whom I expect that righteous judgment and decision of my cause which I cannot obtain from mine enemies, who load me and my cause with manifold injuries and calumnies. The starry heavens stretched before David showcase … The most satisfactory account of them extant, that we know of, is Calmet's Dissertation upon the Hebrew Instruments, and the Univ. But if there be any foundation for the idea, surely it is an interesting one, to take with us in our searching for him through the whole book of Psalms, from whence we know, as well as other parts of scripture, the Lord Jesus spake to his disciples concerning himself. It is the righteous God Who has accepted him as righteous through forgiveness, and enables him to walk in righteousness. --- For David, or to David, Greek: to David, that is, inspired to David himself, or to be sung by him. The psalm is a prayer for help. He who will not ask such blessings as pardon, and justifying righteousness, and eternal life, must perish for the want of them. Psalm 4 1 Psalm 4 For the director of music. The psalmist here appeals to God as "his" God - the God in whom he trusted; and as a "righteous" God - a God who would do that which was right, and on whom, therefore, he might rely as one who would protect his own people. ] Biblical Commentary (Bible study) Psalm 1 EXEGESIS: CONTEXT: This is a wisdom psalm, calling people to follow the path of righteousness to obtain the blessings that God confers on the righteous. He had the testimony of a good conscience that he had attempted nothing without the call and commandment of God, and therefore he does not speak rashly when he calls God the protector and defender of his right. Hear me when I call, O God of my riqhteousness] That is, O thou righteous Judge of my righteous cause, and of my good conscience. He who dares to face his Maker will not tremble before the sons of men. Thou hast enlarged me when I was in distress - That is, on some former occasion. It is the opinion of the very learned Bishop of Meaux, that they were both given and preserved by divine interposition, that their arguments and the writers of them might be known: "Nor can there be any reason for expunging them, since they are found in the text and all the versions, and have been thought worthy of explanation by Jewish as well as Christian commentators. "Thou hast enlarged me when I was in distress." The conception of God as supremely just, and the assertor of justice, is one of the noblest legacies from the Hebrew faith to the world. Psalm 4:1 serves as the invocation. God will honor those who live rightly. But on the Third Sunday of Easter, it has a special job to do. Fenwick, however, who conceives that all the psalms immediately refer to Christ, has endeavoured to prove at large, that the words would be more properly rendered, To him who giveth the victory, or causeth us to triumph in tribulations. 1675. ‘O God of my righteousness.’ The righteous God is the source of his vindication, and its upholder. From whence the Greek and Latin Fathers imagined, that all the Psalms which bear this inscription refer to the Messiah, the great end. He reproves the wicked, Psalm 4:2. Or, O God of my mercy; which title is given to God elsewhere, as Psalms 59:10,17; whereas this title, O God of my righteousness, is not given to God in any other place of Scripture. David prayeth for audience. If the prayer be thus read with an eye to Jesus, it becomes a blessed argument indeed. (Haydock) --- "Over the female musicians." Hence we learn that David honored God with this title of praise, in order the more readily to set him in contrast with the whole world. This psalm is thought to have been composed by David upon the same occasion with the former. The prayer indicates confidence in the power and the unchangeableness of God, and proves that it is right in our prayers to recall the former instances of the divine interposition, as an argument, or as a ground of hope that God would again interpose. All the deliverances of saints, as well as the pardons of sinners, are the free gifts of heavenly grace. But it is a consolation far surpassing this, to know when men vaunt themselves over us wrongfully, that we are standing in the view of God and of the angels. Biblical Commentary (Bible study) Psalm 15 INTRODUCTION: This psalm addresses a question that concerns all religious people. God of my righteousness—or, "my righteous God, as my holy hill" (Ps 2:6), who will act towards me on righteous principles. On Neginoth] i.e. The manna shall fall every morning until we cross the Jordan. And so this and other words in Hebrew and Greek, which properly signify righteousness, are oft used for mercy or kindness, as Isaiah 58:8 Psalms 31:1 36:10 2 Corinthians 9:9, and in many other places. --- In verses, in carminibus. Or as St. Jerome renders it, victory to him that overcometh; which some understand of the chief musician; to whom they suppose the psalms, which bear that title, were given to be sung. MEN, who judge only by the outward appearance, are apt to entertain a good opinion of themselves: but God, who looketh at the heart, describes the whole race of mankind as immersed in an unfathomable abyss of wickedness [Note: Jeremiah 17:9 . I would like to thank the Pastor and all the leaders of Alpha for this opportunity to speak before you all today. (Spurgeon, C. H. Lectures to my Students: Commenting and Commentaries)Rosscup adds: This is one of the more thorough older exegetical … It is summed up in the question, “Shall not the judge of all the earth do right?” The strength of the innocent in the face of calumny or oppression lies in the appeal to the eternal source of righteousness. (Calmet). WORKS WRITTEN ABOUT THE FOURTH PSALM IN SPURGEON'S DAY. Who will God honor to live in his presence? Psalm 1:4 The wicked are not so, but they are like chaff which the wind drives away. "Who art to do me right; to whom I apply for justice.". God is righteous in Himself, but He also does what is right for His children, namely, come to their rescue when they are in need (cf. This is always a proper ground of appeal to God. We therefore speak no better to men, because no more to God. While there is … On Neginoth; or, on stringed instruments, as this word is translated, Habakkuk 3:19; for the Hebrew verb nichen, whence this is derived, signifies to play with the hand upon an instrument, 1 Samuel 16:23 18:10. This document has been generated from XSL (Extensible Stylesheet Langua ge) source with RenderX XEP Formatter, version 3.7.3 Client Academic. Mr. Fenwick has been at the pains to consider the Hebrew titles of the psalms at large; to him, therefore, we refer the reader curious on these subjects; Observing II. » Hear me when I call, O God of my righteousness: thou hast enlarged me [when I was] in distress; have mercy upon me, and hear my prayer. Apparently some in the community were spreading lies about him, ruining his reputation. But I don’t think it does. The appeal to God as a righteous God implies a conviction in the mind of the psalmist of the justice of his cause; and he asks God merely to do "right" in the case. Have mercy upon me - In my present troubles. Answer me when I call to you,my righteous God.Give me relief from my distress;h --- The psalms which have this title, related to future times, and to the Church of Christ; (St. Augustine; Worthington) or were to be sung at the close of the Jewish festivals, &c. (Berthier) --- This is considered as a sequel to the preceding, to thank God for the late victory over Absalom. And this cruel and unjust treatment which David met with, ought to be carefully marked. Then from Psalms 4:6 to the close he delightfully contrasts his own satisfaction and safety with the disquietude of the ungodly in their best estate. A Psalm of David. Why? Hear me for thy mercy-sake, is our best plea. No entry exists in Forerunner Commentary for Psalms 4:1. You have given me relief when I was in distress. Audio Commentary: Psalm 4 Psalm 4 1 Hear me when I call, O God of my righteousness: thou hast enlarged me when I was in distress; have mercy upon me, and hear my prayer. David prayeth for audience, Psalm 4:1. This is another instance of David's common habit of pleading past mercies as a ground for present favour. I. You have set me at large when I was in distress. Or, O my righteous God. David slept in peace. “The church, like David,” says Dr. Horne, and, we may add, every true member thereof, “calls aloud for God’s assistance; addresses him as the God of her righteousness, as the fountain of pardon and grace; reminds him of that spiritual liberty, and enlargement from bondage, which he hath purchased for her, and oftentimes wrought in her; and conscious of her demerit, makes her prayer for mercy.”, Unto the end. But is there not even a higher sense to be put upon this verse? Man's happiness is in God's favour. The NASB, "Thou hast relieved me," is a better translation of the Hebrew perfect tense than the NIV, "Give me relief. Hebrews 1:7-8. 4:1 Notice the imperatives used to implore God. Give me relief from my … But why doth David beg audience and mercy in general only, and not lay open to God his particular grievances? O men, how long shall my honor be turned into shame? A figure taken from an army enclosed in a defile, and hardly pressed by the surrounding enemy. 2 O ye sons of men, how long will ye turn my glory into shame? Nor is this unsuitable to the Messiah, as man and Mediator; with whom, God keeps his mercy for evermore, as the head and surety of his people, and upon whom, as man, the grace of God was; and who increased, as in stature, so in favour with God and man; and which, no doubt, was desirable by him; and hear my prayer: the same petition with that in the beginning of the verse; invocation and prayer being the same thing. He who will not ask such blessings as pardon, and justifying righteousness, and eternal life, must perish for the want of them. thou hast enlarged me when I was in distress; when he had like to have been killed by Saul casting a javelin at him; and when his house was watched by men that Saul set there, and he was let down through a window and escaped; and when he was shut in at Keilah, where Saul thought he had him safe; and at other times, to which he may here refer, as in Psalm 18:19; and this may be applied to the Messiah, when in the garden, beset with sorrows, and an angel strengthened him; and when on the cross, surrounded by various enemies, whom he conquered; and when in death and the grave, from the pains and cords of which he was loosed, and set in a large place. When we are vilified, and derogated by others, as David here was, let us make God acquainted with our condition, by his example. Hear me when I call, O God of my righteousness: thou hast enlarged me. Thou hast enlarged me when I was in distress] Heb. The Christian has an equally great joy. It is not on the ground of his own claim as a righteous man, but it is that, in this particular case, he was wrongfully persecuted; and he asks God to interpose, and to cause justice to be done. Answer Me When I Call - To the choirmaster: with stringed instruments. This is a common mode of expression in Hebrew. The distress of which he speaks, in my opinion, refers not less to the state of his mind than to circumstances of outward affliction; for David’s heart was not of such an iron mould as to prevent him from being cast into deeper mental anguish by adversity. 1 (To the chief Musician on Neginoth, A Psalm of David.) And the other part of the motive for redress is also very sweet and important. David really had rather have God’s love and favour than all this world’s good; and therefore so heartily beggeth it above anything. Hear me when I call, O God of my righteousness: thou hast enlarged me when I was in distress; have mercy upon me, and hear my prayer. O God, to whose mercy I owe all that I have or hope for: which was a very fit and powerful argument in prayer, and very agreeable to the following words, in which there is an acknowledgment of God’s former mercies, and a petition for mercy. To the chief Musician on Neginoth. The earth was cursed, man died spiritually and for a brief season Satan has taken the reins of power and become the prince of the power of the air.. and the god of this age. Thou hast enlarged.—Better, in my straitness Thou (or, Thou who) hast made room for me. And, I would like to thank my fiancé, my family, friends, classmates and all of you who thought it not robbery to listen to me talk about God’s Word just a little bit. The name by which the Lord is here addressed, "God of my righteousness," deserves notice, since it is not used in any other part of Scripture. And so this and other words in Hebrew and Greek, which properly signify righteousness, are oft used for mercy or kindness, as Isaiah 58:8 Psalm 31:1 36:10 2 Corinthians 9:9, and in many other places. Yet, this is the one quality which is of single importance. The ungodly satisfied with earthly blessings, but the godly cannot be at rest without the favour of God, Psalms 4:6-8. We shall, hereafter meet with many passages similar to this, where David, in order to give energy to his faith against terrors and dangers, (51) brings together the many experiences from which he had learned that God is always present with his own people and will never disappoint their desires. (Calmet) --- Binginoth. de Orat.). O God of my righteousness — Or, my righteous God, the witness and defender of my righteous cause, and the person from whom I expect that righteous judgment and decision of it which I cannot obtain from mine enemies, who load me with manifold injuries and calumnies. 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